As one of AThEME’s deliverables, one of the researchers from Queen Mary University of London, wrote a working paper called ‘Why do multiethnolects develop? This paper is currently under review. Please find an abstract below:

In many northern European cities the number and diversity of immigrants has increased rapidly in recent years, with a corresponding increase in the number and diversity of languages spoken. Research projects in multicultural areas of these cities have documented the rapid emergence of multiethnolects: repertoires of innovative linguistic forms used by young people of all ethnicities and all language backgrounds, including local non-immigrant speakers. A recent project in Paris, however, discovered no such innovations. This article offers an explanation for the fact that similar processes of population movement, immigration, and globalization have produced a different linguistic outcome in Paris. It proposes four factors that are necessary for a multiethnolect to emerge, all of which remind us that language evolution, like language use, is constrained not only by the social characteristics of individuals but also by the social and historical context in which individuals live.